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If New Urbanists build it, they will come. This is a nice sentiment—and usually true—but are we doing enough to make sure these places will also be safe, resilient, and equitable? The last decade has brought a renaissance of New Urbanist research to the Congress, and this session features researchers attempting to get at the heart of these issues.
The following papers on the topic of Realizing Safe, Resilient, and Equitable Cities were presented at CNU.26 Savannah.
- Milwaukee Junction Creative Campus- Ujijji Davis
- Buildings Don't Bounce: The Design Paradox of Urban Resilience- Dr. Mark David Major
- Seeing the 'Unseen' in Devens, MA- Justin Hollander, Ann Sussman, Hanna Carr, Neil Angus, Peter Lowitt
- Exploring Neglected Safety Equity Issues- Nick Ferenchak, Wesley Marshall
- The Future of Sustainable Transportation- Wesley Marshall
In 2017, CNU prioritized research that investigated the impacts and effectiveness of the last quarter-century of New Urbanist accomplishments and furthered the study of building sustainable, equitable, livable places. Special attention was paid to submissions that offered lessons to practitioners and policymakers.
The following papers were presented at the 25th annual Congress for the New Urbanism in Seattle, Washington, May 3-6, 2017.
- Improving Last-Mile Connections to Transit: An Exploration of Data and Analysis Tools - Chris McCahill
- YardStreet - Alena Shlyakhovaya
- Live Local: Achieving Equitable and Sustainable Neighborhood Development through Anchor-Led Housing Incentives - Shea O’Neill and Alex Feldman
- Walkability Lessons from the Past - Kristin Floberg
- Measuring the Scale, Density and Directness of American Cities - S. Dawn Haynie
- Addressing Climate Change through Design: A Land Systems Science Approach to Assessing Microclimate Regulation in New Urbanist Developments - V. Kelly Turner and Christopher S. Galletti
- The Future of Urban Transportation: A Roadmap for the 21st Century(currently under review) - Eric Dumbaugh and Wesley Marshall
CNU did not hold a Call for New Urban Research in 2016.
For decades, U.S. transportation policy gave priority to automobile movement over the social and economic needs of people living along our streets. A focus on mobility eroded accessibility, degraded the public realm, created travel spaces unsafe for pedestrians and bicyclists, and led to spatial inequalities that characterize our metropolitan regions today.
CNU accepted academic papers that focus on the interaction between equity and transportation - exploring equity impacts of transportation planning decisions as well as incorporating issues of equity into how these decisions are made. CNU's research interest was on particular user groups that have been historically underrepresented in transportation planning decisions (minority and low-income populations, women, children, the elderly, and people with disabilities) and innovations in the decision-making processes that lead to more equitable cities.
The following papers were presented at CNU 23 in Dallas, TX from April 29 - May 2, 2015:
- Rethinking the Providence Hill Cable Car: Transit, Equity, and Urban Design in Rio de Janeiro - Patrick Braga
- Evaluation of bicyclist perceptions of current and future infrastructure for the development of a multimodal transportation system - Courtney Coughenour and Kathleen Larson
- Road Safety Policies in Europe For Improving Pedestrian Environment: Lessons from France and Sweden - Jean Kim
- The American Story of Inequitable Road Safety - Wesley E. Marshall and Nick Ferenchak
- Does Crowdsourcing Community Input Lead to Equitable Transportation? The Application of Web-Based Tools to Inform Bikeshare System Development - Daniel Piatkowski, Wesley E. Marshall & Nadar Afzalan
- Mapping Mueller: A Post Occupancy Evaluation of Transportation Choices in a New Urbanist Community in Austin, Texas - Rachel Tepper
- Promoting Opportunity through Equitable Transit-Oriented Development - John Hersey and Michael Spotts
- Tools for measuring accessibility in an equity framework - Chris McCahill and Mary Ebeling
CNU accepted papers which discussed Urban Design Education Methods. CNU looked for academic investigations that address questions of tradition and/or innovation in the education of urban design postulants or in the construction and deployment of responsive urban design programs.
CNU accepted papers which discussed New Urbanism & Transportation. The research undertook critical discussion and practice of New Urbanism with respect to transportation. Topics included, performance measures, travel and traffic behavior and psychology, road safety, transit networks, bikeway networks, street vitality, and highways to boulevards.
The following papers were presented at CNU 22 in Buffalo, NY from June 4 - June 7, 2014 :
- Educational Project for the Urban Regeneration of the City of Comacchio, Italy (Presentation) - Donatella Diolaiti
- Learning from Chicago and Barcelona - Adolf Sotoca
- Elevated Highways and Evolutionary Theory: Has Buffalo, NY Stalled Out On a Local Maximum at its Outer Harbor? - Russell Weaver
- How Can We Actually Encourage People to Walk? A Response to Typical Misapplications of New Urbanism - Patrick Braga
- City Resilience & Active Transportation Infrastructure - Rachael Bronson & Wes Marshall
- Visualizing Urban Park Supply Ratios - Chris McCahill, Garrick Norman & Carol Atkinson-Palombo
CNU targeted the notion of “Tactical Urbanism” – a topic which was acknowledged by the curatorial committee of the Venice Biennale as one of the most pervasive global urban movements since the “Situationist International” protests in May of 1968, in France.
The accepted papers concentrated on real examples which demonstrated the feasibility or lack of practicality of projects motivated by activism rather than politics. This New Urban research delivered a summary of academic investigations exploring the appropriation of cities, the current change in the culture of planning, and the intrusions caused by projects with small life spans.
The following papers were presented from May 29 - June 1, 2013 at CNU 21 in Salt Lake City, UT:
- Retrofitting Suburbia and Informal Slums in the Latin-American Context - Oscar Carracedo and Nuria Noguer
- The Tactical Urbanism Origins of the Denver Bike Sharing System - Wesley E. Marshall, Andrew Duvall, and Deborah Main
- From Parking to Park: Transportation Impacts & Value of Parklets - Danielle Dai
- From Master Plans to Punctual Interventions (slums in Barcelona) - Adolf Sotoca and Oscar Carracedo
- Tactical Urbanism Using "Pattern Language" Toolkits - Michael Mehaffy
- Revitalizing Neighborhoods Through Temporary Urbanism - Kimberly C. Driggins
The accepted papers focused on the relationship between urban form and the built world. The New Urban research delivered a summary of academic investigations concentrating on the roots of traditional or contemporary built forms, their physical manifestations, historical processes, and social behavior.
The following papers were presented from May 8-12, 2012 at CNU 20 in West Palm Beach, FL:
- New Urbanism in New Delhi - Dipu Gupta
- Imageability Continuum and Discreteness: Older Residential Neighborhood Areas of Kolkata - Tapas Mitra
- Sustainable Development Zones: India’s New Urbanism? - Lesley Pories
- Space, Property and the First Urbanism - M. Gordon Brown
- Rediscovering the Master Street Plan: The Critical Missing Component in City Planning Today - Paul Knight
- Striving for New Urbanist Transportation in an AASHTO World: Stapleton’s Challenges and Opportunities - Dr. Wesley Marshall
- Quality by Design: The Venustas of Urban Squares - Valentin Hadelich
CNU accepted papers that addressed urban agriculture and bikeability.
The following papers were presented from June 1-4, 2011 at CNU 19 in Madison, WI:
- Supersized Intersections vs. Gridded Street Networks: Comparing Capacities & Pedestrian Accommodations - Brian Bern and Wesley Marshall
- Transportation for Sustainable Communities: A Cost and Impact Comparison between Alternative Transportation Modes - Patrick M. Condon
- Prediction of Transportation Outcomes for LEED-ND Pilot Projects - Reid Ewing
- The Neglected Educational Reform: The Holistic Revitalization of American Urban Neighborhoods - Kathleen M. Galvin and Walter F. Heinecke
- Chicago is Rural: The Inconsistencies and Absurdities of Street Connectivity Indices - Paul L. Knight
- Automobile Use and Activity Level in Small Cities - Chris McCahill and Norman Garrick
- Horizons of Pattern Languages: Why Architects Should Look Much More Carefully at the Opportunities for a New Generation of Pattern Technology - Michael Mehaffy
- School Oriented Development: Elementary Schools as a New Opportunity for Sprawl Repair - Carolyn Reid
CNU accepted papers that addressed health and transportation.
The following papers were presented from May 19-22, 2010 at CNU 18 in Atlanta, GA:
- The City of Continuity vs. the City of Contrasts: New Urbanism and Historic Preservation - Steven Semes
- New Tools for Urban Transportation Planning - Michelle Marcus
- Retrofitting Suburbia Through Pre-Urban Patterns - Pere Vall Casas
- Visualizing Morphological Conditions for Pedestrian Connectivity - Christopher Miller
- Losing Hartford: Transportation Policy and the Decline of an American City - Christopher McCahill
- Acoustic Expectations, Health Effects and Design Techniques in the Urban Environment - Steven Ryherd
- Medical Science, Evidence-Based Design, and the Evolving Implications for Best Practice in Urban Design - Michael Mehaffy
- Why Bike-Friendly Cities are Safer for all Road Users - Wesley Marshall
- Complete Streets Make Healthier People: Reforming Street Design Policies to Combat Obesity - Bill Sadler
The accepted papers discussed the theme of the Congress, “Experiencing the New Urbanism: The Convenient Remedy.”
The following papers were presented from June 10-14, 2009 at CNU 17 in Denver, CO:
- A Lot Types Approach to Coding for Diverse Established Neighborhoods - Korkut Onaran
- Climate Change and Urbanism: The Choices Before Us - Michael Mehaffy, Laura Hall, and Robert Alminana
- Urban Generative and Sustainable Design Processes to Create Living Urban Form: Case Study of a Courtyard Housing Design Competition - Kyriakos Pontikis
- The Shape of Sustainable Street Networks for Neighborhoods and Cities - Norman Garrick and Wesley Marshall
The following papers were presented from April 3-6, 2008 at CNU XVI in Austin, TX:
- New Urbanism and New Pedestrianism - Michael Arth
- Phoenix Rising: Measuring Urban Densification Associated with Light Rail Transit - Carol Atkinson-Palombo
- Urbanism in Evolution: New Urbanism and Beyond - Stephen Marshall
- Urbanism and Parking Demand in New England Cities - Wes Marshall and Norman Garrick
- The Impact of Transportation and Urban Planning on Carbon Emissions: A Case Study of Cambridge, MA - Christopher McCahill and Norman Garrick
- Mechanism Design Theory and and Sustainable Urban Form: A Proposed Priority for Collaborative Research - Michael Mehaffy
- Perforated, Bent and Folded: Urban Fabric for Human Consumption - Nikos Salingaros, Kenneth G. Masden
- Light Imprint Urbanism - Tom Low, Stephen L. Davis, Andres Duany, Patrick Kelly, Guy Pearlman, Georgio Tachiev