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The City of El Paso grew up around rail and the streetcar but, like most American cities, it was remade for the automobile and sprawled far into the countryside in the 20th Century. Now, new developments are focused on people while the city is reoriented toward transit, walking, public places, and mixed-use.
Plan El Paso revamped zoning laws and redirected investment across this city of 800,000, the largest on the Texas-Mexico border.
In the first three years after the plan was adopted, the city built a new baseball stadium downtown, created parks and renovated public spaces, completed future land-use plans based on the SmartCode, and streamlined permitting for developers using the code. Eighty city officials received formal New Urbanism training, with more than thirty additional officials in the process—an initiative that is helping to change the culture of City Hall.
“Based on the Plan, the El Paso Planning Department is making strides toward a more livable, pedestrian place complete with mixed-use zoning, street trees and public transit,” says Geoffrey Wright, chairman of the City Plan Commission. “It is a goal of the Plan Commission to densify our suburban city, which is like so many other post-automobile western cities.”
The plan simply “lays the groundwork for how to create … a healthier city and region,” says Michael Kelly, director of programs for Paso Del Norte Health Foundation.
The plan immediately spurred development: “During the planning process, a 30-acre dead mall site in Northeast El Paso was redesigned as a mixed-use walkable neighborhood anchored by a new transit terminal. The SmartCode was then applied to the site. The transit terminal will be a terminus for one of the city’s four new bus rapid transit lines emanating from Downtown El Paso.” The city recently received a $10.3 million federal grant to build the terminal at the center of mixed-use development. Construction is slated to begin next year.
Partly as a result of this plan, written by Dover, Kohl & Partners, the El Paso City Council adopted a 5-mile-long streetcar plan, and the Texas DOT has approved $97 million in funding. “After a 40-year hiatus, streetcars will again be part of El Paso’s identity.”
No place on Earth is urbanizing more rapidly than China. In Luhe, one of the country’s new urban expansion areas, Nanjing Urban Planning Bureau proposed to expand the city by developing a 60-mile corridor for 4.5 million people.
Atlantic Coast, Guatemala
Until now, all major initiatives to create a port on the Atlantic Coast of Central America have failed to produce human-scale places due to the vast surface area required by modern hub-container facilities.
The vast majority of the United States’ metropolitan edge is currently built in low-density, disconnected sprawl.