St. Joseph’s Redevelopment

Oakland, California

A rare combination of National Historic Landmark buildings and infill a fordable housing, the St. Joseph’s Redevelopment transforms a dilapidated former convent and convalescent home into a mixed-use asset for a distressed city neighborhood.

The unique character of St. Joseph’s provides a strong sense of place in Fruitvale, Oakland. Five historic buildings, dramatic trees, and the rumble of the nearby trains contribute to a cohesively designed site that includes new construction, landscaping, and restoration. The neighborhood thoroughfares surrounding the 3.3-acre block are vastly improved, with new entrances, new uses, and more people ofering “eyes on the street” at all hours of the day.

St. Joseph Oakland Aerial
Aerial of St. Joseph including new buildings. Source: Keith Baker Photography.

St. Joseph’s was built in the early 20th Century as a small campus of wellconstructed Georgian Revival buildings surrounded by a perimeter masonry wall. When the facility was reused for o fces in the 1970s, the design was compromised: The main entry stairs were torn down and the entire site—excluding buildings—was paved for parking. Streets became automobileoriented and lifeless while the ofces sat inactive at nights and on weekends.

Today, the redevelopment provides 146 afordable homes for senior citizens and families, 3,200 square feet of commercial space, and two indoor community spaces. Furthermore, the development adds much-needed density—approximately 40 units per acre—on a transit corridor.

The main building was healed with a rebuilt entrance. The resilience of the historic structures is proven by their a fordable regeneration into new and unexpected uses. This is exemplified by the small, freestanding, brick guardhouse—which was converted into an art room next to the children’s play area.

St. Joseph Oakland Entrance
The rebuilt entrance to St. Joseph. Source: Keith Baker Photography.

The new building architecture is purposefully understated. A simple massing with punched openings neither conflicts with nor detracts from the historic structures. The design preserves views of, and lines up with, historic buildings. The scale is modulated with entries, modest balconies, simple cornice lines, and enough rhythm and variety to capture the interest of passersby.
The old perimeter wall has also been restored, sometimes even forming the base of new buildings. It becomes a unifying element to the design—but never a barrier to the surrounding neighborhood.

“This ground-breaking development is expected to trigger redevelopment in the community while also providing a fordable housing for seniors and the families who will reside in this transformative, multigenerational housing campus,” says US Rep. Barbara Lee, congresswoman from Oakland.

Top photo: St. Joseph Terraza Palmera. Source: Keith Baker Photography.

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