Nature & Urbanism: Park City As Biodiverstiy Engine?
Richard Louv, author of Last Child in the Woods and The Nature Principle (as well as six other books), was the keynote speaker at CNU 21, the 21st annual conference of the Congress for the New Urbanism, held this year in Salt Lake City, Utah. CNU 21′s theme was Living Community and Louv’s task was to weave the connection between family, nature and community.
Louv made his case on the disconnect between children and nature with some of the data and anecdotes from his books. Most importlay, the remedy he proposes is “A NEW KIND OF CITY” “Cities can become engines of biodiversity,” he proclaimed.
What if CNU sponsored an effort to create a “homegrown national park” along the lines of what author and entomologist Doug Tallamy calls for in his book Bringing Nature Home? Louv asked. Tallamy suggests that if people would turn their backyards into native habitat, we could provide so many more ecosystem services to address the big problems of our time:
- Climate change
- The crash in biodiversity
- The disconnect between children & nature
Louv exhorted us to embrace the New Nature Movement using as an example Bill McDonough’s design for a hospital in Spain. In the design, one side is a green wall; another side is solid solar panels done in the colors of a butterfly that is about to go extinct in that region; the third side is a vertical farm that will feed people in the hospital. It’s an example of a building that not only conserves energy, but also produces human energy – through the food grown, and the view of plants and more natural habitat. What’s more, this hospital takes the next step: regeneration. The hospital’s bottom floor will become a “butterfly factory” where anyone who walks into the hospital may see one of the threatened butterflies of the region land on them. The hospital staff will reach out to every school, place of worship, business, and home and say, “You can do this, too. We can bring this butterfly back.” So this building is not only conserving energy and producing human energy through biophilic design, it is, in a sense, giving birth – by helping a species survive. Conservation is no longer enough! We must regenerate nature–bring it back into our cities! proclaimed Louv.
Louv didn’t take questions at the plenary. Instead it was suggested that we could ask them at the book-signing table–where a long line quickly formed. I was delighted to see that sales were brisk as Louv covers topics that he could only mention in his talk in much more detail in the books .
Because this land is in the public realm, it is a great place to start the movement towards a “homegrown national park.”
The next day, the mountains surrounding Salt Lake City were calling to me, so I joined the tour to Park City’s historic main street. During the time set aside for lunch, three of us encountered a pleasant park on our walk up Main Street. I asked my two companions what they thought of Richard Louv’s talk the night before. The Gen X one said it had introduced her to the important concept of “Nature Deficit Disorder” in both children and adults and that she would look for opportunities to help overcome this disorder in her future work. HOORAY!
The other, a CNU Board member, said he thought the speech was not very insightful and was lacking in specifics on which to move forward. He felt that the lack of visuals (no PowerPoint or anything else) was a real negative. The speech simply lacked specific examples of what Louv was talking about. “I see what you mean,” I said, “but I can provide one here.”
To the surprise, if not disgruntlement, of my companions, I used a “nature principle” framework to assess the park. According to Louv, studies show that parks with the highest biodiversity are the parks from which people benefit the most psychologically. How did this park rank?
By failing to slow, cool and filter street runoff above,-the town was losing habitat value of this creek
There was a small creek running through the park, but you could see from the large storm drain in the street above that this creek could become a danger to children and pets whenever it received street runoff–because of both pollutants and flashiness. I imagined the hard rains two days earlier creating a mini flash flood through here. By failing to slow, cool and filter street runoff–perhaps in a series of lovely native plant rain gardens–the town was losing out on the habitat value that this creek could provide to many aquatic species.
Rather than these alien ornamentals, Utah’s colorful and hardy native species could provide habitat for native insects, the base of the food chain, as well as education about natural heritage
Rather than utilize some of Utah’s fabulous high desert lupines, lomatiums, paintbrush, asters, daisies, phlox and other plant species to celebrate its historic natural as well as cultural heritage, the same old over-utilized plant species we see in Anywhere USA plus turf grass graced the park. Native plants would also be far better habitat for the base of the food chain,native insects, as well.
So, utilizing the guidepost of biodiversity, Old Town Neighborhood Park would not rank very well. But, because this land is in the public realm, it is a great place to start the movement towards a “homegrown national park.” With a diverse landscape of natives and educational signage and perhaps classes, I could imagine this park helping to transform those Park City yards that are now filled with dandelions, garlic mustard and other invasives into an engine for biodiversity. So Park City, let’s get started!
My next post Nature & Urbanism: Daybreak As Biodiversity Engine will give an additional example. Watch for it shortly.
You may also find my other recent blogs helpful in that respect as well--especially those entitled Portland a New Kind of City. These examine the new draft Portland Comp Plan--which already heads in the right direction to become an engine of biodiversity.
The format of this post is better on my own blog plangreen.net, so I hope you will read it and provide comments there as well.
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