This afternoon, Jeffrey Tumlin spoke on how to reform parking to reduce the negative results of minimum parking requirements. (If you're not familiar with them, google "Donald Shoup"). Some of his solutions were stuff I've heard before: abolish parking requirements, create residential permit systems to reduce the threat of spillover parking, and set market prices for parking to discourage driving. But I heard a few neat ideas I hadn't heard before.
1. If a city does have a parking permit system (i.e.
For me, the highlight of CNU 20 so far was Andres Duany's speech at this morning's plenary session. Most of his speech was about the SmartCode, responding to libertarian objections. He said, in so many words: if we don't code, and if we don't consider aesthetics when we do, someone else will (usually a local aesthetic review committee or zoning board). He added that given the United States' century-long history of bureaucratic control over land use, the most likely alternative to coding is not the free market, but decisionmaking by bureaucratic discretion.
I just saw the recent study, "Transportation and the New Generation" put out by NJ PIRG, which seeks to explain why the young are driving less.
Figure 7 contains the results of a poll asking respondents to choose between "smart growth" and "sprawl" environments. 62 percent of 18-29 year olds chose smart growth, as opposed to 54 percent of thirtysomethings and 58 percent of sixtysomethings.
If you would like to spend Friday evening or Saturday morning in a synagogue, there are plenty of options- nothing within a few blocks of the Congress, but several within a 30-45 minute walk. They include:
Chabad (palmbeachjewish.com)- meets at hotels on Palm Beach side. Call 561-420-5000 for info. Services include meals.
New Synagogue (Modern Orthodox, 235 Sunrise Avenue )- info at newsynagogue.org.
Emanu-El (Conservative, 190 North County Road, Palm Beach)- info at www.tepb.org
In metro Atlanta, the Sierra Club is allying with Tea Party activists to fight a one-cent sales tax increase designed to raise additional funds for both roads and transit, primarily because of concerns about increased funding for sprawl-creating expressways.
Last month, a New York appellate court upheld minimum parking requirements in Syracuase, on the ground that such rules are reasonably related to the city's goal of "enhanc[ing] traffic safety by removing cars from the [City’s] streets”(1)
Roderick Hills and David Schleicher, two law professors, have proposed one way to limit NIMBY-inspired downzonings: a "zoning budget." Specifically, they propose that cities require every downzoning to be matched by an upzoning somewhere else, so that the city's "budget" was always balanced. (See http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1816368 for the article, or http://www.cato.org/pubs/regulation/regv34n3/regv34n3-6.pdf for a shorter version).
In my limited experience, commentators who oppose regional land use regulations like urban growth boundaries (or at least worry about the impact of such regulations on housing costs) tend to favor keeping cities constrained within their 1950 boundaries, while people who favor such regulations tend to favor city-county mergers, revenue sharing, and other ways to essentially merge city and suburb.