Joel Kotkin tried to take down Richard Florida today, arguing that trusting the "creative class of the skilled, educated and hip...to remake American cities" is "pernicious." Mr. Florida can speak for himself, but I do have a few thoughts about the article.
1. Can Both Ideas Be True?
I recently saw a listserv post with the headline "the costs of automobilism." The phrase "automobilism" makes automobile dependence seem like an alien ism, a sinister ideology like communism or fascism.
By contrast, sprawl lobby types prefer the term "auto-mobility." By associating driving with mobility, they suggest that cars equal freedom and opportunity. After all, who would be against being mobile (or at least having the opportunity to be mobile)?
In reading arguments about Washington's height limits, one anti-height argument that I occasionally see is: "We don't need height for density- we can just build 5-6 story buildings." These kind of "walk-up" buildings typically can't afford elevators (except maybe at the high end of this range).
Normally, trees on a street are a good thing. Good trees (like this row of trees in Forest Hills, Queens) provide shade for a sidewalk. But not all trees are so-well behaved. Where there is no sidewalk, a tree can actually endanger pedestrians by preventing them from walking on grass. For example, these
When I was at the New Partners for Smart Growth conference in Kansas City, I saw a speaker argue that walkability increases property values (a proposition I'm not taking a position on, at least not in this blog post). When someone asked about affordability, he suggested inclusionary zoning as a solution.
In some places (e.g. Midtown Manhattan) one-way streets are relatively harmless. In others, one-ways turn streets into speedways, threatening pedestrian safety and gutting neighborhood businesses (since someone going 50 mph is going to be less likely to stop for any reason). How do you tell the difference?
I had always thought that traffic lights calmed traffic. But last week at the Partners for Smart Growth conference in Kansas City, I learned that at least sometimes, there was a better alternative. Some of us went on a tour of the city's Westside neighborhood. The neighborhood's major intersection once had traditional red, yellow and green lights, and now has a blinking red light telling drivers to slow down (essentially a kind of electronic stop sign).
After last week's snowstorm, New York City rebounded smartly: the streets are plowed, the subways are running. By contrast, the school where I teach (40 miles out in Suffollk County) is closed. Why? Because the students mostly live in suburbs near the school, and many of them are snowed in because the county can't plow the roads fast enough. Cars and blizzards simply do not mix, and evidently it is easier to repair a few train lines than it is to plow thousands of miles of roadways.
Last Friday, I gave a speech on conservatives and smart growth at the New Partners for Smart Growth conference. At the panel discussion after the speech I was asked "what if you want to build something nice and your neighbor wants to build a car wash?" I gave an honest but nuanced answer about how zoning is fine in the right hands, but that it is so often abused that I wonder about whether the benefits are worth the costs, etc.
Feeling like you could use a good boost of pro-transit, pro-urban romance to brighten up your day? Go online and see Paperman (link here), an Oscar-nominated short in which a romance arises on a downtown train that looks an awful lot like Chicago's El.