Because much of the literature on anti-density "exclusionary zoning" involves suburbs, you might think that cities tend to favor development and density. But according to a recent paper by Vicki Been of NYU Law, this is not the case. The study examines rezonings proposed by the New York Department of City Planning, and shows that the city downzones property more often than it upzones.
I recently read a blog post explaining that smart growth and urban infill are not so smart because it forces poor people into suburbia. The logic behind this claim is, as far as I can tell, as follows: 1) infill means rising real estate values in cities, (2) rising real estate values means people can't afford to live there, and (3) therefore smart growth shunts the poor into suburbs.
I just saw the Brookings report on job sprawl- the movement of jobs to exurbs. Do some metros have more job sprawl than others? If so what correlates with it?
In new urbanist circles, "cheap" is often a dirty word; for example, I recently noticed a reference to "cheap" suburbs in a blog. I find this objectionable for two reasons. First, in a nation where many regions suffer from insanely expensive housing projects, we should be striving for cheaper housing. To be fair, sometimes planners and architects use "cheap" as a synonym for "badly designed"- but this is imprecise. If we want to say something is badly designed, we should say exactly that.
Numerous studies (such as the one referenced here) have suggested that there is some connection between sprawl and obesity, because residents of sprawl walk less and are thus more likely to weigh more.
One common argument against tall buildings is that they block out light, creating shadows that block the sun. But as I was walking down Avenue of the Americas (one of Midtown Manhattan's most skyscraper-oriented streets) I saw plenty of sun- just not on my side of the street. What was going on?
Howard Blackson's latest post on the Placemakers blog clarifies the concept of "mixed use." A narrow definition of mixed use limits the term to mixed-use buildings: for example, buildings partially devoted to housing and partially devoted to other uses.
But Blackson points out that a walkable mixed-use neighborhood can include purely residential buildings or even purely residential blocks, as long as those blocks are within walking distance of commercial places.
As I was looking through my Twitter feed last night, I noticed an article on Canada's "elevator suburbs"- suburban streets (often, but not always, in low-income areas) filled with mid-and high-rise apartment buildings and shops, with lower-density housing on side streets. How do these places stack up (pun intended) from an urbanist perspective?
A few days ago, I came to Atlanta to spend the Jewish holiday of Passover with my family, a holiday commemorating the deparature of Hebrew slaves (also known as "the Exodus") from Egypt about 3300 years ago.
At one level, this liberation was about freedom- and so is new urbanism. Just as the Exodus liberated the Hebrews from Egyptian kings, new urbanism seeks to liberate Americans from the four-wheeled kingdom of automobile-dependent sprawl.